Population based (transnational) monitoring, management and stakeholder involvement for the Eurasian Lynx affecting 3 lynx populations in the central European area

english version

Das 3Lynx-Projekt ist ein dreijähriges (7.2017-6.2020), transnationales Kooperationsprojekt, an dem fünf Länder des zentraleuropäischen Raums beteiligt sind: Deutschland, Tschechien, Österreich, Slowenien und Italien.

Projektziele:

Verbesserung der internationalen Zusammenarbeit relevanter Interessensgruppen (Behördlicher Naturschutz, Jäger, Förster, Nicht-Regierungsorganisationen (NGO), Wissenschaftler) beim Schutz der bayerisch-böhmischen, alpinen und dinarischen Luchspopulationen
Konzeption und Durchführung eines stratifizierten Luchsmonitorings in der zentraleuropäischen Region
Etablierung von nachhaltigen Routinen zu Datenerhebung und Datenaustausch zwischen den Projektpartnern
Entwicklung einer gemeinsamen Strategie zum Schutz und Erhalt des Luchses in der bayerisch-böhmisch-österreichischen Region
 
Projektinhalte:
 
Internationale Arbeitstreffen zu den Themenbereichen Partizipation, Luchsdatenanalyse, Hauptgefährdungsursachen.
Monitoring des Luchses in den drei Luchspopulationen des bayerisch-böhmisch-österreichischen Raums, der slowenisch-italienischen Region sowie der Dinaren (Slowenien-Kroatien) mittels folgender Methoden: Fotofallenmonitoring, Abspuraktionen, Telemetrie, Sammlung von Genproben.
Entwicklung von Informationsmaterial und Kommunikationsangeboten für relevante Interessensgruppen
Präsentation des Projekts auf internationalen wissenschaftlichen Foren
Erarbeitung von Lösungansätzen zur Reduzierung der illegalen Nachstellung als eine Hauptgefährdungsursache der bayerisch-böhmischen-österreichischen Luchspopulation
Entwicklung einer transnationalen Schutzstrategie, die Verantwortlichkeiten, Probleme im Luchsschutz- und management, Hauptgefährdungsursachen und mögliche Lösungen adressiert.
 
Projektpartner:
 
Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt (LfU)
World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
Tschechisches Ministerium für Umweltschutz (MZP)
Tschechisches Landesamt für Natur und Landschaft (AOPK)
Šumava Nationalparkverwaltung (SUNAP)
Alka Wildlife e.V.
Oberösterreichische Landesregierung (LR OOe)
Grünes Herz Europa (GHE)
Slowenischer Forest Service (SloFS)
Luchsprojekt Italien (PLI)
Forschungsinstitut für Wildtierkunde und Ökologie, Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien (FIWI)
Assoziierter Partner: Veterinärmedizinische Fakultät der Universität Zagreb
 
 
English Version

The return and recovery of the population of Eurasian Lynx is an attempt by many European states, including Germany (Bavaria). Eurasian Lynx needs large areas to live, their populations often migrate and cross the borders of several states. In order to protect these beautiful predators, it is therefore necessary to have comprehensive information about their lives from the entire area of the population and, accordingly, to unify conservation efforts in all countries. However, much more needs to be done to ensure the long-term survival of the features, to halt illegal hunting, to reduce the fragmentation of the landscape and to try to remedy this situation. Equally important is the effort to ensure good cooperation and communication between all stakeholders, from conservationists to foresters and hunters, the general public to government and self-government. The aim of the 3lynx project is to coordinate the monitoring of the occurrence of Euroasian Lynx in three isolated populations that are occur by several states. Comparable data collection and fast sharing is a prerequisite for effective species protection. The next step will be the approval of an international strategy for the protection of the Czech-Bavarian-Austrian population and the preparation of documents for a similar strategy in the other two areas.

Project aims:

Improving the international cooperation of individual interest groups (state conservation of nature, hunters, foresters, non-profit organizations, scientists) in the protection of the Czech-Bavarian-Austrian, Alpine and Dinar populations .
Develop of a common strategy for the protection of lynx population in the Czech-Bavarian-Austrian region
Set up complex monitoring of the lynx  in central Europe
Exchange of data between partner organizations to improve the protection of lynx
 

Project content:

In order to improve the international cooperation of all partners, a number of workshops will be held to assess the involvement of key stakeholders (hunters and foresters) in the conservation of lynx, to analyze information on the status of lynx populations and to develop tools to analyze these data, a series of discussion meetings and workshops on poaching and protection issues in general. Continuously, strategies for the protection of lynx will be developed in cooperation with all partners.
Lynx populations will be monitored in two cross-border regions (Czech Republic - Germany - Austria and Slovenia - Italy - Croatia) using a camera trap network and snow tracing in the winter. Genetic samples will be collected to detect genetic variability of populations, telemetry monitoring of individuals will be carried out. Within the framework of the awareness campaign, a joint international "Lynx Day" will be organized, bringing together a wide range of public activities (lectures, films, children's program, etc.), publishing and distribution of attractive brochures about lynx protection; facebook presentations, press releases, reports, and journal articles.
The project will also support the investigation of illegal killing of lynx - caught lynx will carry out an autopsy and possibly further analysis, the case will be solved with the police and maximally medialized.
 

Project partners:

Bavarian environmental agency (BayLfU)
World Wide Fund for Nature Germany (WWF)
Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic (MoE)
Šumava National park Administration (SUNAP)
Nature Conservation Agency of the Czech Republic (AOPK)
ALKA Wildlife o.p.s
Government of Upper Austria (GUA)
Green Heart of Europe (GHE)
Slovenia Forest Service  (SFS)
Italian Lynx Project (ILP)
Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna (FIWI)
   
Associated partner: University of Zagreb, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine